Nature of project:
chain of sustainable clinics in remote areas of Tibet
Netherlands Red Cross - Tibet, China
2000 - 2001
south elevation, section D - D
a. doctor's quarters, b. consulting room, c. central corridor - waiting area, stairs to the roof, d. operating room, e. pharmacy, f. inpatient room, g. washroom, h. stone pit, i. composting toilets, j. well, k. fuel storage
cross section A - A
m. well pounded clay, mud, 2 x asphalt paper, well pounded clay, mud in slope, river stones, wooden pieces, wooden rafters, adobe floor with polished linseed oil surface, river stones
cross sections B - B, C - C
Netherlands Red Cross Clinics, 2001, selected rural areas in northern Tibet. The assignment was simple: to design a self sufficient building that would function independently as a clinic in Tibet's extreme climate, including quality living conditions for the medical staff and their patients. The budget was fairly limited.
The decision was made to utilize the traditional technology and materials (stone and mud) that were likely to be found close to the building sites because of high transportation costs and the difficulty of access to some of the sites. The buildings are powered by photovoltaics combined with wind power supplies. The chain of clinics was built in two groups, one in 2000 and the other in 2001.
Each group consists of three basic clinics - type I - for three doctors with two inpatient rooms (eight patients) and one clinic headquarters- type II - housing four doctors and three rooms with twelve patients. The clinics are protected by rectangular courtyards which enclose composting toilets and heat (cow dung) storage.